Describe the structures and functions of the neurons and neuroglia of the cerebrum, the cerebellum, the diencephalon, and the brain stem. Describe the structures and functions of the Schwann Cells

Describe the structures and functions of the neurons and neuroglia of the cerebrum, the cerebellum, the diencephalon, and the brain stem. Describe the structures and functions of the Schwann Cells in both the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. role does the Pituitary gland play as the control center of the brain? Differentiate between white matter and gray matter. Describe the functions of afferent and efferent nerves. List the components of the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. Compare and contrast the sympathetic nervous system with the parasympathetic nervous system, provide functions for each. List the major areas/regions of the brain and provide a generalized function for each region. List and describe the 3 membraneous layers that protect the brain. Describe the injuries of these layers, based on the level of damage. Differentiate between the autonomic and somatic nervous systems. Describe the process of depolarization and repolarization of neurons. List the excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters and describe their role in the conduction of nerve impulses. Describe the connective tissue layers surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Explain the function of the cerebrospinal fluid List the cranial nerves and describe their functions. List and describe the functions of all spinal nerves. Differentiate between autonomic and somatic reflexes. Describe the components of a reflex arc and explain the role of each. Describe the stretch reflex, withdrawal reflex, crossed extensor reflex, palpebral reflex, and pupillary light reflex. Describe the changes in brain tissues and functions with aging.

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