Transcribed Image Text: 4. Review the table of directional terms below. You need these terms in completing the given statements below pertaining to the location of body parts in relation

Transcribed Image Text: 4. Review the table of directional terms below. You need these terms in completing the given
statements below pertaining to the location of body parts in relation to its surrounding
structures.
Directional Terms
Definition
1. Superior
2. Inferior
3. Anterior
Toward the head, or the upper part of a structure
4. Posterior
5. Medial
6. Lateral
Away from the head, or the lower part of a structure
Nearer to or at the front of the body
Nearer to or at the back of the body
Nearer to the midline
Farther from the midline
7. Intermediate
8. Ipsilateral
9. Contralateral
10. Proximal
Between two structure
On the same side of the body as another structure.
On the opposite side of the body from another structure
Nearer to the attachment of a limb to the trunk; nearer to the
origination of a structure
Farther from the attachment of a limb to the trunk; farther from the
origination of a structure
11. Distal
12. Superficial
13. Deep
Toward or on the surface of the body
Away from the surface of the body
LATERAL +
MEDIAL
> LATERAL
SUPERIOR
Midline
– Esophagus (bod tube)
Trachea (windpipe)

PROXIMAL
Right lung
Stermum-
(breastbone)
Left lung
Heart
Humerus
Diaphragm
Spleen
Slomach
Transverse colon
Liver
Small intestine
Radius
Ulna
– Descending colon
Galbladder
Ascending
colon
Urinary bladder
-Carpais
-Metacarpals
Phalanges
DISTAL
INFERIOR
Anterior view of trunk and right upper limb
Example: The heart is superior to the liver.
The stomach is inferior to the lungs.
a) The sternum is
b) The esophagus is
c) The ulna is
d) The lungs are
e) The transverse colon is
f)
to the heart.
to the trachea.
to the radius.
to the heart.
between ascending and descending colons.
The gallbladder and ascending colon are
g) The ascending and descending colons are
h) The humerus is
i)
to the radius.
The phalanges are
j) The ribs are
k) The ribs are
to the carpals.
to the lungs.
to the skin of the chest and back.

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