Lab #2-1 will introduce you to getting around in and using the Linux environment to explore the commands that will be used by you in the midterm and final exams.

Lab #2-1 will introduce you to getting around in and using the Linux environment to explore the commands that will be used by you in the midterm and final exams. The following commands will be used: man (Manual command allows you to access the manual for any command. Ex.  man  ls) ls (The list command, allows you to list the files and directories in a directory) echo (displays the echoed text to standard output example: echo “Hello World” ) touch  (The touch command allows you to create a 0-byte file in your current directory) cp ( the copy command, used to copy a file) mv ( the move command used to move a file) cd (The change directory command allows you to go from one directory to another) pwd (gives you the location of where you are in the file system) file (shows you the type of file you are dealing with) cat (concatenates a file to the standard output (the screen)) grep (allows for the parsing of files “group regular expression parser”) mkdir (The make directory command allows you to create a directory) emacs (The emacs command if a file editor command that allows you to edit files) sudo (substitute user do file allows the user who is permitted to execute commands reserved for root) $ (displays the user’s ID Example: echo $$ ) vi (the vi command is a more complex file editor command) less (allows for viewing of a file with screen concatenation) more (The same as less) dd (disk copier bit by bit used to make disk images) dcfldd (Forensic version of dd) dc3dd (more advanced version of dcfldd) testdisk (disk recovery tool) PhotoRec: (picture recovery tool) In this lab, you will find using google, the Linux manual files for the listed commands, print them out, and put these manuals in your lab notebook. Then you will research the commands and write a 7-page report on the commands and how they are used, based on the manual information and screenshots from the environment. 7 pages not including the title and references page.

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