3. Which of the following methods should be used to check an athlete’s responsiveness?


3. Which of the following methods should be used to check an athlete’s responsiveness?

a. Slap the athlete’s face while calling his name.

b. Wiggle the athlete’s foot.

c. Tap or squeeze the athlete’s shoulder and ask, Are you all right?

d. Poke the athlete’s arm or leg.

e. Place smelling salts under the athlete’s nose.

4. If the AED indicates “No shock indicated/advised,” you should leave the AED pads on.

a. true

b. false

5. You coach a women’s softball team, and during a game you see your shortstop suddenly collapse. You find that she’s not breathing normally and is unresponsive. While a player calls for emergency medical assistance, you

a. give a rescue breath

b. begin external chest compressions

c. wait for the AED

d. deliver emergency oxygen

e. none of the above

6. When you check an athlete for breathing, look, listen, and feel for no longer than

a. 10 seconds

b. 20 seconds

c. 30 seconds

d. 40 seconds

e. none of the above

7. You’ve administered a shock with the AED. What will the voice prompts instruct you to do next?

a. Remove the AED pads.

b. Give a second shock.

c. Begin giving compressions.

d. Wait a moment to see if the shock worked.

e. Turn off the AED.

8. During CPR, you should give chest compressions at a rate of about

a. 30 per minute

b. 40 per minute

c. 60 per minute

d. 100 per minute

e. 120 per minute

9. To determine whether an athlete is unresponsive, you should first clear the athlete’s airway.

a. true

b. false

10. Which of the following is true regarding the use of an AED?

a. If a pad is not sticking to the athlete, press down on the pad while the AED is delivering the shock.

b. An AED can automatically detect if a heart rate is that of an infant, child, or adult.

c. If the AED says a shock is not advised but the athlete is still unresponsive, it is best to shock anyway.

d. If a shock is indicated, make sure no one is touching the athlete before pressing the shock button on the AED.

11. Which of the following is NOT a local response to an injury?

a. disrupted blood flow to surrounding tissues

b. bleeding from the injured blood vessels

c. fluid leakage from damaged tissue cells

d. increased blood flow to the tissues

e. temperature increase

12. A volleyball player makes a diving save and gets up slowly, holding her left shoulder with her right hands. While performing the emergency action steps, you determine that the athlete is breathing. You should begin your physical assessment by

a. applying a sling and ice

b. asking the athlete what happened

c. looking for signs of deformity or swelling on her shoulder

d. firmly tapping her shoulder to search for point tenderness

e. c and d

13. Which of the following is correct technique for applying a compression wrap for a Grade II hamstring strain?

a. Begin the wrap at the hip bone, and wrap down toward the knee.

b. Apply the wrap with more pressure below the injury and looser pressure above the injury.

c. Begin the wrap a few inches above the knee, and wrap down toward the knee.

d. a and b

e. b and c

14. One of your basketball players has dislocated her kneecap (patella). You have called EMS, and they’ve said they’ll be there in 15 minutes. You should

a. move the athlete to a sitting position where she’ll be more comfortable

b. stabilize the injured leg by holding the thigh and lower leg in your hands

c. splint the knee with a splint extending from the hip to the foot

d. place a pad under the knee

e. only monitor the athlete’s breathing

15. Arterial bleeding is characterized by rapid or spurting bleeding of bright red blood.

a. true

b. false

16. Which of these situations demonstrates appropriate ice application?

a. For a severe forearm contusion and laceration, you place an ice bag over the injury for 15 minutes.

b. For a Grade II ankle sprain with severe swelling, you apply an ice bag with a tight compression wrap.

c. For a severe hamstring pull, you apply an ice bag for 30 minutes.

d. For pain along the left shin, you instruct the athlete to perform an ice massage for 5 to 10 minutes over the painful area.

e. For a pain along the inside of the elbow, you wrap an ice bag over the area.

17. To avoid the peroneal nerve, do not place ice

a. on the outside of the elbow, behind the ulna

b. on the inside of the elbow, behind the ulna

c. on the front of the knee, on top of the femur

d. on the inside of the knee, on top of the tibia

e. on the outside of the knee, behind the fibula

18. Venous bleeding is characterized by rapid bleeding of dark red blood.

a. true

b. false

19. Once a superficial wound stops bleeding,

a. pull out any embedded objects

b. clean the wound

c. tape the edges of the wound together

d. do all of the above

20. Elevating an injured body part above the heart for the first 72 hours after the injury helps minimize swelling.

a. true

b. false

21. At practice, a basketball player with no history of epilepsy or seizures slumps to the floor and has a seizure. The seizure stops within a minute. You determine that his breathing and circulation are normal, and that he has no signs of other injuries or shock. To move him from the floor you should

a. call for emergency medical assistance

b. use the one-person drag

c. use the four- or five-person rescue

d. b or c

e. none of the above

22. During a football game, one of your players twists his ankle during a play and is lying on the field. He says the ankle hurts, and he isn’t sure he can walk on it. You should carry him off the field using

a. the two-handed carrying assist

b. the four- or five-person rescue

c. the four-handed carrying assist

d. the one-person drag

e. a and c

23. A volleyball athlete has a Grade II ankle sprain. You must wait for emergency medical assistance before moving the athlete.

a. true

b. false

24. A cross country athlete is severely allergic to bees and has asthma. If she is having difficulty breathing, what other sign or symptom would help determine whether she is suffering from asthma or experiencing anaphylactic shock?

a. wheezing

b. swollen lips, tongue, or throat

c. bluish or gray skin, fingernails, or lips

d. chest tightness

e. none of the above, since all are signs or symptoms of asthma and anaphylactic shock

25. Which sign indicates that an athlete may have a throat contusion?

a. crunchy or grating sound when the throat is touched

b. coughing

c. gasping

d. hoarseness

e. all of the above

26. Athletes hyperventilate because they are not receiving enough oxygen.

a. true

b. false

27. Which of the following is effective in helping an athlete prevent an asthma attack during practice?

a. using her inhaler as directed by her physician

b. taking frequent rest breaks

c. self-monitoring for asthma signs and symptoms

d. monitoring by the coach when the athlete competes in cold and dusty environments

e. all of the above

28. Minor blows to the head never lead to long-term brain injury.

a. true

b. false

29. Toe touches can compress discs and possibly cause them to rupture.

a. true

b. false

30. What is a burner (or stinger)?

a. neck muscle strain

b. pinched brachial artery

c. stretching or pinching of the brachial plexus nerve group

d. cervical sprain

e. cervical contusion

31. If an athlete shows signs and symptoms of a mild concussion, you should

a. immediately call for emergency medical assistance

b. assign someone to monitor the athlete for worsening signs and symptoms of a head injury

c. notify the parents and ask them to monitor the athlete and take her to a physician

d. wait 20 minutes to see if signs and symptoms worsen; if they don’t, the athlete can return to play

e. b and c

32. An athlete has a possible spine injury. You have called for emergency medical assistance. What is your next step?

a. Remove the athlete’s helmet or head gear, if worn.

b. Monitor and treat for shock if needed.

c. Search for and control any profuse bleeding.

d. Check the athlete’s reflexes.

e. Monitor breathing and provide CPR if needed.

33. Which of the following is a sign or symptom of advanced-stage ruptured spleen?

a. bloody or cloudy urine

b. midback tenderness

c. pain in the left shoulder or the neck

d. rigid back muscles

e. all of the above

34. Which illness or condition can increase an athlete’s risk of suffering a spleen injury?

a. diabetes

b. high blood pressure

c. mononucleosis

d. encephalitis

e. hepatitis

35. A football player suffers a blow to the side of the midback. He has pain in his lower abdominal area and is urinating a lot. You should send for emergency medical assistance.

a. true

b. false

36. Creatine use by adolescents has been shown to have positive long-term effects.

a. true

b. false

37. A tennis player complains of dry mouth and excessive thirst and begins to vomit. You detect that her breath smells sweet and fruity. She is likely to be experiencing which of the following conditions?

a. insulin reaction

b. adverse stimulant reaction

c. ketoacidosis

d. gastroenteritis

e. heatstroke

38. An athlete experiencing an insulin reaction has

a. low insulin levels

b. hyperglycemia

c. hypoglycemia

d. a and b

e. a and c

39. An athlete who you know has epilepsy has a seizure that lasts a few seconds. After the seizure stops, she appears confused, but has no other signs of illness or injury. Which of the following is required first aid care for her current condition?

a. Inform her parents or guardians.

b. Keep her on her side to allow fluids to drain from her nose and mouth.

c. Treat her for shock.

d. Call for emergency assistance.

e. a and d

40. Influenza is an infection of the digestive system.

a. true

b. false

41. An athlete with diabetes is playing in his second game of the day, and he’s starting to show signs of fatigue and irritability. He’s forgotten his monitor and can’t check his blood glucose levels. Your first aid care should begin with having him

a. drink water

b. rest and eat candy

c. inject insulin

d. cool down with stretching exercises

e. none of the above

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