A 55-year old female was admitted in the ER with a severe urinary tract infections of E.coli. Her history revealed she was diabetic and it had been uncontrolled for several years. Her glucose was 450mg/dL with ketoacidosis.
Why are urinary tract infections common in diabeticsWhat causes ketoacidosis? (please do not answer with “glucose”, be specific….what causes it? what are ketones? etc.)
Why is it difficult for diabetics to heal from an infection
What other complications could this patient develop if he does not control his diabetes?