CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING 4. You are helping a person to eat when he begins to choke. He is making a high- pitched wheezing sound, and it is difficult for him to answer you when you ask If he Questions for Review 1. What should you do if a fi re alarm sounds while you are at work? needs help. What should you do? a. Perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). b. Call for help immediately, and then begin administering back blows and abdominal a. Leave the building and go home. b. Ask another nurse assistant what to do. c. Follow your employer’s policies for thrusts. responding to a fi re alarm. c. Watch him carefully for a minute to see if he d. Ignore the fi re alarm, because it is probably is able to cough up the object on his own. only a fi re drill. d. Call for help immediately, and then provide reassurance until help arrives. d. 2. If your clothing catches fi re, you should: 5. You are with a group of residents in the day room when suddenly one of the residents loses consciousness and slumps over in her chair. What should you do? a. Run, cover and cool. b. Stop, drop and roll. at c. Call the fi re department. d. Blanket, bathe and bandage. a. Call for help immediately. b. Splash water on the resident’s face to revive her. 3. Which of the following could be a sign of c. Move furniture out of the way to protect her from further injury. a stroke? a. Profuse sweating d. Administer cardiopulmonary resuscitation b. Convulsions (CPR). nola c. Fainting d. Drooping on one side of the face 6. How should you position a person who has had a seizure after the seizure is over? a. Flat on his back b. On his side The p c. Seated, with his head between his knees d. On his stomach 7. One of your co-workers has cut herself with a knife while cutting up fruit for a smoothle making activity with the residents, and she is bleeding quite heavily. What is the first thing you should do? a. Call 9-1-1 and monitor her for shock b. Put on a pair of gloves and then go to her aid. dressing over the cut and apply c. Put a pressure to stop the bleeding. d. Rinse the cut with water. 8. You are a home health nurse on duty and a tornado watch has been issued for your area. Which area in the client’s home would be the best place to move the client to safety? a. The dining room, which has large windows b. A windowless bathroom on the ground floor c. The client’s room d. The front hall 9. Which of the following could by a sign of a myocardial infarction? a. Blurred vision b. Nausea c. Aura d. Shock CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING a. The health care team should withdraw Questions for Review supportive care at the end of life and just allow Mr. Troyer to pass away peacefully. 1. Family members of a person who is dying should be: b. In the event that Mr. Troyer’s heart stops beating or his breathing stops, the health care team should not start CPR. a. Encouraged to talk about their feelings and their needs. c. Mr. Troyer’s death will occur soon, and end- of-life care should be provided. b. Discouraged from participating in the care of the person, because it is too upsetting. d. Mr. Troyer has died and requires postmortem care. c. Encouraged to visit with the person who is dying for only a few minutes to avoid tiring the 5. All of the following dying person EXCEPT: person. are needs of the d. Discouraged from expressing how they feel. a. The need to be iso lated from other people b. The need to be kept clean 2. CPRAS an example of: c. The need to receive emotional support a. A supportive treatment. d. The need to be touched b. A palliative treatment. c. A life-sustaining treatment. 6. Mrs. Skorgard is in the last’ stages of a terminal illness. She tells you that she belleves science is on the brink of d. A hospice treatment. discovering a cure for her condition. Mrs. Skorgard is expressing: 3. The hospice philosophy is based on all of the following EXCEPT: a. Denial. a. The dying person should not be separated b. Anger. from family and other support systems. b. Care for the dying person and family should address the person’s and family’s emotional c. Hope. d. Grief. needs. c. Pain is a normal and expected part of dying. 7. Mrs. Skinner is dying and is experiencing difficulty breathing. What can you do to help Mrs. Skinner? d. The person’s preferences for end-of-life care should be honored. a. Reassure Mrs. Skinner that difficulty breathing is a normal part of dying, and tell her 4. Mr. Troyer has a DNR order in place. What does this mean?