What is a PICOT Question?
The PICOT question format is a consistent “formula” for developing answerable, researchable questions. When you write a good one, it makes the rest of the process of finding and evaluating evidence much more straightforward.
- P: Population/patient – age, gender, ethnicity, individuals with a certain disorder
- I: Intervention/indicator (Variable of Interest) – exposure to a disease, risk behavior, prognostic factor
- C: Comparison/control – could be a placebo or “business as usual” as in no disease, absence of risk factor, Prognostic factor B
- O: Outcome – risk of disease, accuracy of a diagnosis, rate of occurrence of adverse outcome