Response to Raymonda and Kyle

Raymonda Johnson
Jul 28, 2023 at 4:03 PM
Candida is a yeast microorganism that lives in and on our bodies. It is one of the most common causes of bloodstream infections in the US (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2022). The CDC performs active population-based surveillance for candidemia (Candida bloodstream infections) through the Emerging Infections Program (EIP) Healthcare-Associated Infections Community (HAIC) Interface (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2022). In utilizing this information, research conducted by Zhang et al. 2019 concluded that intravenous drug use and the opioid pandemic are causing significant increases in the epidemiology of candidemia. Individuals infected with candidemia can expect a hospital stay of days to weeks. Infection reporting is completed when a patient has a positive blood culture caused by Candida activity. Current research efforts are having difficulty with appropriate data collection as there are no established risk factors for persons susceptible to Candida (Zhang et al., 2019). As clinicians it is imperative that we remain vigilant, especially at the bedside, and current with infection trends. This would be an excellent topic for one of us that is interested in community nursing.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022, March 31). Candida bloodstream infections | HAIC activities | HAI | CDC.

Zhang AY, Shrum S, Williams S, Petnic S, Nadle J, Johnston H, et al. The Changing Epidemiology of Candidemia in the United States: Injection Drug Use as an Increasingly Common Risk Factor – Active Surveillance in Selected Sites, United States, 2014–2017external icon. Clin Infect Dis. 2019 Nov 2


Kyle Disney
Jul 31, 2023 at 1:51 AM

The tracking article by the CDC discusses Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) as a leading cause of antibiotic-related diarrhea and watery stools, making it a common healthcare system infection in the United States. To monitor and control CDI, the CDC employs a program called the Clostridioides difficile infection program, which involves active surveillance through the Healthcare-Associated Infections Community Interface (HAIC) and Emerging Infections Program (EIP). This surveillance aims to track the incidence of CDI in the population, describe the characteristics of the strains causing the infection, monitor changes over time, and identify risk factors to inform prevention efforts. This program was launched in 2009 in 7 locations, and expanded further to 10 locations in 2011 (CDC, 2022). The key takeaway is the importance of disease surveillance, particularly for non-communicable diseases. Disease surveillance in the American healthcare system has a long history, and with the use of electronic health records, data collection for surveillance purposes has been possible since the 1990s. The tracking of CDI represents a significant achievement in disease surveillance (Aliabadi et al., 2020). However, there is a need for increased focus on tracking non-communicable diseases among healthcare professionals, particularly in advanced nursing practice. Adequate surveillance is crucial for early identification of at-risk populations and effective disease management. Overall, data from disease tracking programs can aid in planning for prevention and treatment of non-communicable diseases (Budreviciute et al., 2020). By actively engaging in disease surveillance, nurses can make a significant impact on public health, contribute to evidence-based decision-making, and enhance patient care outcomes. Nurses can actively participate in research projects related to disease surveillance. Their insights and experiences at the frontline of healthcare can contribute valuable information to improve surveillance strategies (Anders, 2021).


Aliabadi, A., Sheikhtaheri, A., & Ansari, H. (2020). Electronic health record-based disease surveillance systems: A systematic literature review on challenges and solutions. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 27(12), 1977–1986.

Anders, R. L. (2021). Engaging nurses in health policy in the era of COVID-19. Nurse Forum, 56(1), 89-94.

Budreciciute, A., Damiati, S., Sabir, D. K., Onder, K., Schuller-Goetzbug, P., Plakys, G., Katileviciute, A., Kohja, S., & Kodzius, R. (2020). Management and prevention strategies for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and their risk factors. Frontiers in Public Health, 8(2020).

CDC. (2022). Clostridioides difficile Infection (CDI) Tracking. CDC Healthcare-Associated Infections – Community Interface (HAIC).

Using Fawcett’s framework for theory evaluation (as discussed in Peterson & Bredow, 2016, p. 43), discuss to what extent the selected practice theory or model(see above) meets the criterion of pragmatic adequacy (that is, how well the theory or model can be utilized in real-life situations, particularly clinical practice) by addressing the following:

Fawcett’s framework for theory evaluation is a valuable tool in assessing the pragmatic adequacy of practice theories or models. In this analysis, we will utilize this framework to evaluate the extent to which the selected practice theory or model meets the criterion of pragmatic adequacy, specifically in relation to its utilization in real-life situations, particularly in clinical practice.

Pragmatic adequacy refers to the extent to which a theory or model can be effectively and practically applied in real-life situations. It involves considering the potential limitations and challenges that may arise when applying the theory or model in clinical practice. Fawcett’s framework includes several key components that contribute to pragmatic adequacy, namely comprehensiveness, simplicity, compatibility, accessibility, and generalizability. Let’s examine each of these components and evaluate their applicability to our selected practice theory or model.

Firstly, comprehensiveness refers to the breadth and depth of the theory or model in addressing relevant phenomena in clinical practice. A comprehensive theory should encompass a wide range of factors and variables that are pertinent to the specific clinical context. The selected practice theory or model should demonstrate a thorough understanding of the complexities and dynamics of clinical practice, including the various factors that influence patient outcomes. It should provide a comprehensive framework that guides decision-making and intervention strategies. An incomplete or narrow theory may fail to address the multifaceted nature of clinical practice, limiting its practical usefulness.

Simplicity is another important aspect of pragmatic adequacy. A theory or model that is overly complex may be difficult to understand and use in real-life situations. The selected practice theory or model should provide clear and concise guidelines that can be easily implemented by clinicians. It should avoid unnecessary jargon and complexity, ensuring that practitioners can readily apply the theory in their day-to-day practice. A simple and straightforward theory enhances its practicality and increases the likelihood of successful implementation.

Compatibility refers to the alignment of the theory or model with existing knowledge, values, and beliefs in clinical practice. A practice theory that is consistent with established principles and practices in the field is more likely to be accepted and integrated into clinical settings. The selected theory should be compatible with the prevailing clinical paradigms and philosophies, complementing rather than contradicting existing approaches. If the theory or model clashes with established norms or values, its practical utility may be challenged, making it difficult to implement in real-life clinical practice.

Accessibility is also crucial for pragmatic adequacy. A theory or model that is easily accessible and readily available to clinicians enables its efficient implementation. It should be accessible in terms of its availability in academic literature, training resources, and electronic databases. The selected practice theory or model should be published, well-documented, and easily accessible to clinicians. Furthermore, it should be user-friendly, allowing practitioners to easily navigate and apply its principles in their clinical practice.

Finally, generalizability refers to the extent to which a theory or model can be applied to diverse clinical contexts and populations. A theory that is only applicable to a specific setting or population may have limited utility in real-life situations. The selected practice theory or model should demonstrate generalizability, showing its applicability across different clinical settings and patient populations. It should be adaptable to various cultural, social, and clinical contexts, ensuring its relevance across a range of healthcare environments.

In conclusion, Fawcett’s framework for theory evaluation provides a useful lens through which to assess the pragmatic adequacy of practice theories or models. By considering the components of comprehensiveness, simplicity, compatibility, accessibility, and generalizability, we can evaluate the extent to which the selected practice theory or model meets the criterion of pragmatic adequacy. This analysis helps identify the strengths and potential limitations of the theory or model, informing its suitability for real-life clinical practice.

1. State the purpose of the complete heath history. 2. List and define the critical characteristics used to explore each symptoms the patient identifies. 3. Define the elements of the health history; reason for seeking care; present health state or present illness; past history, family history; review of systems; functional patterns of living. Reply answering the questions above using APA format.

1. The purpose of obtaining a complete health history is to gather comprehensive and accurate information about a patient’s health status. This includes information about their current health concerns, past medical history, family medical history, and any relevant lifestyle and environmental factors. By gathering this information, healthcare providers can assess the patient’s overall health, identify any potential risk factors or underlying conditions, and develop an appropriate plan of care.

2. In the process of exploring each symptom that a patient identifies, healthcare providers rely on critical characteristics to help guide their assessment and diagnosis. These critical characteristics are specific signs and symptoms that are associated with certain health conditions. By identifying and understanding these characteristics, healthcare providers can narrow down the potential causes of a patient’s symptoms and determine the most appropriate diagnostic tests or interventions.

For example, when assessing a patient with chest pain, critical characteristics may include the location and radiation of the pain, its intensity and duration, any associated symptoms such as shortness of breath or sweating, and any aggravating or relieving factors. These critical characteristics can help differentiate between potential causes of chest pain, such as cardiac issues (e.g., angina or myocardial infarction) or musculoskeletal problems (e.g., costochondritis or muscle strain).

3. The elements of a health history typically include the following:

a) Reason for seeking care: This refers to the chief complaint or primary reason the patient is seeking medical attention. It may include specific symptoms, concerns, or health issues that the patient wants to address with the healthcare provider.

b) Present health state or present illness: This involves a comprehensive assessment of the patient’s current health status. It includes a detailed description of the patient’s symptoms, the onset and duration of symptoms, any changes in symptoms over time, and any factors that worsen or alleviate the symptoms.

c) Past history: This section encompasses the patient’s past medical history, surgical history, and any relevant past illnesses or health conditions. It also includes information about the patient’s medication use, allergies, immunizations, and any past hospitalizations or significant medical events.

d) Family history: This component focuses on the health history of the patient’s immediate family members, including parents, siblings, and children. It seeks information about any genetic or hereditary conditions that may be relevant to the patient’s current health or risk factors.

e) Review of systems: The review of systems involves a structured assessment of all body systems to identify any potential health issues. It includes questions about symptoms related to each body system, such as cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, neurological, endocrine, and reproductive systems. This helps to identify potential signs and symptoms that may contribute to a comprehensive understanding of the patient’s health status.

f) Functional patterns of living: This component assesses the patient’s lifestyle, including occupation, social support, exercise and activity levels, dietary habits, sleep patterns, and substance use. It aims to gather information about the patient’s overall well-being and functioning in various aspects of life to better understand their health and identify any potential risk factors.

In conclusion, obtaining a complete health history is essential for healthcare providers to assess a patient’s health status, identify potential risk factors or underlying conditions, and develop an appropriate plan of care. Critical characteristics are important in exploring each symptom that a patient identifies, as they help guide the assessment and diagnosis process. The elements of a health history include the reason for seeking care, present health state or present illness, past history, family history, review of systems, and functional patterns of living.

Consider factors (such as disease process, musculoskeletal changes, or environmental risks) that can influence the evaluation of the lungs and thorax and discuss how you will adjust the H&P around these factors? Your response should include evidence of review of the course material, websites, and literature through proper citations using APA format.

Evaluation of the lungs and thorax is an essential component of the medical history and physical examination. However, several factors, including disease processes, musculoskeletal changes, and environmental risks, can influence this evaluation. It is crucial for healthcare providers to be aware of these factors and make necessary adjustments in the history and physical examination to ensure accurate and comprehensive assessment of the lungs and thorax.

One factor that can affect the evaluation of the lungs and thorax is the underlying disease process. For example, in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), airflow limitation and structural changes in the lung tissue can significantly impact lung function and examination findings (Korn, 2020). These individuals often exhibit decreased breath sounds, increased resonance on percussion, and wheezing on auscultation (Smith, 2019). Healthcare providers should be aware of these characteristic findings and incorporate them into their assessment of patients with known or suspected COPD.

Another important consideration is musculoskeletal changes that may affect the evaluation of the lungs and thorax. Conditions such as kyphosis, scoliosis, or rib fractures can alter the physical appearance of the thorax, limit lung expansion, and affect the assessment of breath sounds (Amirhamzeh et al., 2019). In individuals with kyphosis, the thoracic spine may be excessively rounded, resulting in a reduced posterior lung volume and decreased breath sounds on examination (Minaee et al., 2020). These changes should be taken into account during the physical examination, with specific attention given to the assessment of breath sounds in areas that are potentially affected by musculoskeletal abnormalities.

Environmental risks also play a significant role in the evaluation of the lungs and thorax. Exposure to occupational hazards, such as asbestos or silica dust, can increase the risk of developing lung diseases, including asbestosis or silicosis (Cullen et al., 2019). Occupational exposure history should be obtained during the history-taking process, and specific questions should be asked to identify potential risk factors. Moreover, individuals living in areas with high levels of air pollution may be at increased risk of respiratory diseases (Anenberg et al., 2020). In such cases, a thorough evaluation of symptoms and physical examination findings related to lung function should be performed to assess the potential impact of environmental factors on respiratory health.

To adjust the history and physical examination around these factors, healthcare providers should adopt a systematic and holistic approach. During the history-taking process, information regarding the patient’s medical history, including any known lung or thoracic conditions, should be obtained. In addition, a detailed occupational history should be elicited to identify potential occupational exposures. Healthcare providers should also inquire about environmental factors such as air pollution exposure, smoking history, and living conditions that may contribute to respiratory symptoms or diseases.

When conducting the physical examination, healthcare providers should pay careful attention to signs and symptoms that may suggest underlying lung or thoracic abnormalities. This includes noting any abnormal breathing patterns or sounds, asymmetry in chest expansion, and abnormal physical findings such as deformities or scars. Specific maneuvers, such as kyphosis evaluation maneuvers or palpation for rib fractures, should be incorporated into the physical examination to assess for musculoskeletal changes that may affect lung function (Korn, 2020). Additionally, auscultation of breath sounds should be performed systematically and in multiple locations to identify any regional variations or abnormal findings.

In conclusion, several factors can influence the evaluation of the lungs and thorax, including disease processes, musculoskeletal changes, and environmental risks. Healthcare providers should be well-informed about these factors and make appropriate adjustments in the history and physical examination. This includes obtaining a comprehensive medical and occupational history, conducting a thorough physical examination, and employing specific maneuvers and techniques to identify and assess any abnormal findings. By considering these factors and making appropriate adjustments, healthcare providers can ensure accurate and comprehensive evaluation of the lungs and thorax, leading to enhanced patient care and management.

Florence Nightingale was a leader in nursing whose writings led to the foundation of many of our current nursing philosophies and theoretical models. Although there have been significant changes in our society and health care since her era, one can identify evidence of her writings and practice in current nursing practice.


Florence Nightingale is a prominent figure in the history of nursing whose impact on the profession cannot be overstated. Her writings and practices have had a lasting influence on nursing philosophies and theoretical models, helping to shape the field into what it is today. This paper will explore the continued relevance of Nightingale’s work in current nursing practice, despite the significant societal and healthcare changes that have taken place since her era.

Nursing Philosophies and Theoretical Models

Nightingale’s writings laid the groundwork for many of the nursing philosophies and theoretical models that exist today. Her pioneering efforts in the field of nursing led to the development of a more scientific and evidence-based approach to patient care. For instance, Nightingale stressed the importance of hygiene and cleanliness in healthcare settings, recognizing their critical role in preventing the spread of infection. This emphasis on infection control is a fundamental aspect of nursing practice today, and many healthcare facilities have policies and protocols in place to ensure the highest standards of cleanliness and hygiene.

Additionally, Nightingale focused on the holistic care of patients, recognizing that their physical, emotional, and social needs must be taken into consideration. This comprehensive approach to patient care is reflected in contemporary nursing philosophies such as the biopsychosocial model, which considers the interconnectedness of biological, psychological, and social factors in influencing health and well-being.

Evidence-Based Practice

One of Nightingale’s most significant contributions to the nursing profession was her emphasis on evidence-based practice. Through her meticulous data collection and analysis during the Crimean War, Nightingale demonstrated the importance of using empirical evidence to inform nursing interventions and improve patient outcomes. This emphasis on evidence-based practice is now a cornerstone of modern nursing, with nurses being encouraged to base their clinical decisions on the best available evidence.

Nightingale’s writings and practices also paved the way for the establishment of nursing research as a crucial component of the profession. Today, nurses are actively engaged in conducting research that seeks to address gaps in knowledge, improve practice, and enhance patient care. Nightingale’s emphasis on research as a means to advance nursing practice is evident in the numerous research studies that are conducted each year to address the ever-evolving healthcare needs of individuals and communities.

Patient Advocacy

Another area of Nightingale’s work that has continued to influence nursing practice is her strong commitment to patient advocacy. Nightingale believed in the importance of advocating for patients’ rights, ensuring they receive appropriate care and support. This advocacy role remains an essential aspect of nursing today, with nurses playing a crucial role in promoting patient autonomy, informed decision-making, and access to quality healthcare.

Nightingale’s advocacy for patient rights and social reform also paved the way for the development of nursing ethics as a distinct field of study. Today, nursing ethics provides a framework for ethical decision-making in nursing practice, addressing issues such as patient confidentiality, informed consent, and end-of-life care. The principles advocated by Nightingale, such as respect for individuals’ autonomy and the duty to promote the well-being of patients, are still fundamental principles in contemporary nursing ethics.

Role Development

Finally, Nightingale’s influence on nursing practice can be seen in the evolution of nursing roles over time. In her era, nursing was primarily seen as a subservient profession, with nurses often being seen as mere assistants to physicians. However, Nightingale challenged this perception and advocated for a more independent and professional role for nurses. She emphasized the need for nurses to be educated, skilled, and knowledgeable practitioners who have a distinct and valuable contribution to make in the healthcare team.

This emphasis on professional development and role autonomy has had a lasting impact on nursing practice, with nurses today possessing advanced degrees and engaging in a wide range of specialized roles. From nurse practitioners to nurse educators, the diversity and complexity of nursing roles can be traced back to Nightingale’s advocacy for professional nursing.


In conclusion, Florence Nightingale’s writings and practices have left an indelible mark on nursing practice. Her contributions in the areas of nursing philosophies and theoretical models, evidence-based practice, patient advocacy, nursing ethics, and role development continue to shape and inform contemporary nursing practice. Despite the significant changes in society and healthcare since her era, there is clear evidence of Nightingale’s influence permeating through modern nursing. As the profession continues to evolve and adapt to new challenges, Nightingale’s teachings and principles remain a beacon guiding nursing practice towards excellence.

There are two questions that need to be answered in the Week 7 Discussion.  Please create a new thread for each discussion topic: 1. Network Backups—select two network backup solutions (one hardware/appliance and one cloud-based). Describe the solutions, the features, benefits and cost of each product/solution. Which one would you select for your business and why?

Discussion Topic 1: Network Backups

Network backups are a critical aspect of any organization’s data management strategy. With the increasing volume of data being generated and the growing importance of data security, selecting the right network backup solution has become crucial. In this discussion, we will explore two different network backup solutions: one hardware/appliance-based solution and one cloud-based solution. We will analyze the features, benefits, and costs of each solution and make a recommendation for a business.

Hardware/Appliance-based Solution:
The hardware/appliance-based solution refers to a backup solution that utilizes specialized backup hardware or appliances to perform backup and restore operations. These devices are designed for the purpose of providing efficient and reliable backup services to organizations. One popular example of a hardware/appliance-based network backup solution is the Dell EMC Data Domain.

The Dell EMC Data Domain is a powerful hardware-based network backup solution that offers several notable features. First, it utilizes deduplication technology, which enables the reduction of storage requirements by eliminating duplicate data, thus optimizing storage utilization. Additionally, it supports both file and block-level backups, allowing organizations to choose the appropriate backup method based on their specific needs. Moreover, the Data Domain provides high-speed backups and recovery options, minimizing downtime and ensuring quick data restoration.

The benefits of using a hardware/appliance-based solution like Dell EMC Data Domain are significant. Firstly, these solutions offer enhanced security, as the backup data is stored locally within the organization’s premises, mitigating the risk of unauthorized access in the cloud. Furthermore, hardware-based solutions provide scalability and flexibility, enabling organizations to easily expand their backup storage capacity as their data requirements grow. Additionally, using a hardware-based solution allows for faster backup and restore operations, as the backup infrastructure is dedicated and optimized for these tasks.

When it comes to the cost of hardware/appliance-based solutions, they typically involve higher upfront investment compared to cloud-based solutions. The cost of the hardware, installation, and maintenance should be taken into consideration. Additionally, organizations may also need to allocate resources for managing and monitoring the hardware-based backup solution. However, over the long term, the total cost of ownership (TCO) may be more favorable due to the lower recurring costs associated with using on-premises hardware.

Cloud-based Solution:
Cloud-based network backup solutions, on the other hand, leverage the infrastructure and services provided by cloud computing platforms to perform backup and restore operations. These solutions offer companies the flexibility of storing their backup data in offsite, secure cloud servers. One prominent example of a cloud-based network backup solution is Carbonite.

Carbonite is a well-established cloud-based backup solution that offers various features and capabilities. It provides automated, continuous backup, ensuring that all changes made to the data are promptly backed up to the cloud. Carbonite also supports both file and image-based backups, allowing organizations to choose between different backup methods based on their requirements. Moreover, the data stored in Carbonite’s cloud is encrypted, providing an additional layer of security.

The benefits of using a cloud-based backup solution like Carbonite are compelling. Firstly, it eliminates the need for on-premises backup infrastructure, reducing hardware costs and the associated maintenance tasks. Additionally, cloud-based solutions offer high scalability, allowing companies to easily expand their storage capacity as their backup requirements increase. Furthermore, these solutions provide offsite storage, ensuring that backup data remains safe and recoverable in the event of a local disaster.

In terms of cost, cloud-based solutions typically involve recurring subscription fees based on the amount of storage utilized. While the initial investment may be minimal, the long-term costs can accumulate, particularly for organizations with large amounts of data. Additionally, the reliance on the internet for backup and recovery operations may introduce potential latency and bandwidth limitations, depending on the organization’s network infrastructure.


In selecting a network backup solution for a business, it is important to consider the specific needs and priorities of the organization. Both hardware/appliance-based and cloud-based solutions offer unique advantages and trade-offs, and the decision should be based on factors such as data security requirements, scalability, performance, and budget.

If data security and control are the primary concerns, a hardware/appliance-based solution like Dell EMC Data Domain would be a suitable choice. Such a solution would provide the organization with greater control over the backup infrastructure and ensure that the data is stored within the premises. Additionally, hardware-based solutions can offer superior performance and scalability, making them suitable for organizations with high data volumes and performance demands.

However, if cost-effectiveness and flexibility are the key factors, a cloud-based solution like Carbonite would be a compelling option. Cloud-based solutions eliminate upfront hardware costs and offer seamless scalability, making them particularly attractive for small to medium-sized businesses. Moreover, the offsite storage provided by cloud solutions mitigates the risk of data loss in case of a local disaster.

In conclusion, the choice between a hardware/appliance-based network backup solution and a cloud-based solution depends on the organization’s specific needs and priorities. A thorough evaluation of features, benefits, and costs should be undertaken to make an informed decision that aligns with the business requirements.

Review the Intelligent Hospital Pavilion videos in the Week 7 Presentations folder. Write a paper in which you identify and describe elements that you feel are of benefit or risk to both patients and nurses. Explain the benefits/risks and why you do or do not support this type of available technology. Your paper should be a minimum of three pages and written in APA format with at least two outside credible references.

Title: Analysis of Benefits and Risks of the Intelligent Hospital Pavilion for Patients and Nurses

The integration of technology in healthcare systems has revolutionized the way patient care is delivered. One such technology, the Intelligent Hospital Pavilion, offers several potential benefits and associated risks for both patients and nurses. This paper aims to identify and describe these elements, evaluate their benefits and risks, and provide a stance on the overall utility of this technology. By critically analyzing the advantages and disadvantages, policymakers, healthcare professionals, and stakeholders can make informed decisions regarding the implementation and support of the Intelligent Hospital Pavilion.

Benefit 1: Enhanced Patient Safety and Quality of Care
The Intelligent Hospital Pavilion harnesses the power of technology to improve patient safety and the quality of care. Through the utilization of sensors, monitors, and automated systems, the Pavilion can identify potential risks, such as falls, medication errors, and infections, in real-time. This early detection allows nurses and other healthcare providers to intervene promptly, minimizing the adverse outcomes. Additionally, the Pavilion’s integration with electronic health records enables accurate and up-to-date documentation, reducing errors and facilitating evidence-based decision-making, ultimately resulting in improved patient outcomes.

Risk 1: Invasion of Privacy and Data Security
While the Intelligent Hospital Pavilion offers significant advantages in terms of patient safety and care quality, it also raises concerns regarding privacy and data security. The extensive use of sensors and cameras in the Pavilion may lead to a sense of constant surveillance, potentially compromising patient autonomy and confidentiality. Moreover, the collection and storage of sensitive patient data require robust security measures to prevent unauthorized access, breaches, or misuse. Adequate safeguards, such as encryption of information, regular audits, and strict privacy policies, must be in place to protect patient privacy and maintain data integrity.

Benefit 2: Streamlined Workflow and Efficiency
The implementation of the Intelligent Hospital Pavilion has the potential to streamline workflow and improve efficiency for nurses. Automated systems, such as medication dispensing machines and patient tracking devices, reduce the time spent on manual tasks, allowing nurses to focus more on direct patient care. Furthermore, the real-time tracking and monitoring capabilities of the Pavilion enable nurses to quickly locate patients, track vital signs, and identify changes in their condition, enabling timely intervention and efficient resource allocation.

Risk 2: Technology Reliance and Human Error
While technology can enhance efficiency, it also introduces a level of reliance that may contribute to human error. Nurses may become accustomed to relying on the Intelligent Hospital Pavilion’s automated systems, potentially diminishing their critical thinking skills and ability to detect errors manually. Moreover, technological failures, such as system crashes or connectivity issues, may lead to disruptions in workflow, compromising patient safety and care delivery. To mitigate these risks, nurses should receive comprehensive training on the proper functioning of the technology and maintain their clinical judgment and proficiency in manual processes.

Benefit 3: Improved Communication and Collaboration
Effective communication and collaboration are critical for providing high-quality patient care. The Intelligent Hospital Pavilion facilitates seamless communication among healthcare providers, reducing the likelihood of miscommunication or delays in critical information. Integrated communication systems, such as nurse call systems and real-time messaging, enable nurses to coordinate care effectively and respond promptly to patient needs. Moreover, the Pavilion’s connectivity with other healthcare facilities allows for efficient information exchange, fostering a collaborative approach to patient care and enhancing care transitions.

Risk 3: Technological Malfunctions and User Error
Despite the advantages it offers, the Intelligent Hospital Pavilion is susceptible to technological malfunctions and user error. Technical issues or glitches could hinder communication channels, leading to miscommunication or delayed responses. Additionally, user error, such as incorrect input or system misuse, may compromise the accuracy and reliability of the technology. Regular maintenance, adequate technical support, and comprehensive training programs can help minimize these risks and ensure that nurses and other healthcare providers can effectively utilize the Pavilion’s features.

The Intelligent Hospital Pavilion has the potential to revolutionize healthcare delivery by enhancing patient safety, streamlining workflow, improving communication, and fostering collaboration among healthcare providers. However, it also introduces risks associated with privacy invasion, data security, reliance on technology, human error, and technological malfunctions. To maximize the benefits and mitigate the risks, it is crucial for policymakers, healthcare organizations, and technology developers to ensure the implementation of adequate safeguards, comprehensive training programs, continuous monitoring, and regular updates. With the right approach, the Intelligent Hospital Pavilion can play a vital role in transforming healthcare delivery while prioritizing patient and nurse well-being.

Would the topic “The Role of the Nurse in Using Telemedicine” lend itself to a qualitative or quantitative design? What level of evidence (research design) would best address the problem? Explain your answer. NOTE; first of all, explain the meaning of both qualitative research and qualitative design before you answer the question above. a quarter-page long, less than 5 years reference, APA format, no plagiarism

Qualitative research is a type of research methodology that focuses on gathering information and obtaining an in-depth understanding of a particular phenomenon or problem. It involves exploring subjective experiences, perceptions, and behaviors of individuals through techniques such as interviews, observations, and analysis of textual or visual data. This research approach aims to generate rich and detailed data that can provide insights into complex social phenomena.

On the other hand, quantitative research relies on gathering numerical data and applying statistical analysis to examine relationships, patterns, and trends. It involves the collection of data through surveys, questionnaires, experiments, or structured observations. The objective of quantitative research is to generalize and make statistical inferences from the gathered data in order to test hypotheses or research questions.

Now turning to the question at hand, “The Role of the Nurse in Using Telemedicine,” it is essential to consider the nature of the research problem and the specific goals of the study. In this case, investigating the role of nurses in using telemedicine can benefit from both qualitative and quantitative research designs. Each design has its advantages and limitations, and the choice depends on the research questions, intended outcomes, and available resources.

A qualitative design would be advantageous in this context to explore the experiences, perceptions, and attitudes of nurses towards telemedicine. Qualitative research methods such as interviews, focus groups, or participant observations could provide valuable insights into the challenges, benefits, and barriers that nurses face when incorporating telemedicine into their practice. By delving deep into their perspectives, nurses’ thoughts and emotions about telemedicine could be captured, giving a comprehensive understanding of their role in this context.

Furthermore, a qualitative approach would allow for the exploration of contextual factors that might influence the nurse’s use of telemedicine, such as organizational policies, technology adoption, and workflow integration. Understanding these contextual factors is crucial as they can impact the successful implementation and utilization of telemedicine in healthcare settings.

However, a qualitative design alone may not provide quantitative data on the overall effectiveness or impact of telemedicine interventions in nursing practice. Therefore, a quantitative design could be employed as well to complement the qualitative findings and provide a broader understanding of the nurse’s role in using telemedicine. This could involve quantitative measures such as surveys or retrospective analysis of patient outcomes and healthcare utilization data. Such a design could offer quantifiable evidence of the nurse’s impact on patient care, cost-effectiveness, or efficiency when telemedicine is employed.

To address the problem of the nurse’s role in using telemedicine comprehensively, a mixed methods research design could be the most suitable approach. A mixed methods design combines qualitative and quantitative methods, providing a more comprehensive and holistic understanding of the research problem. In this case, a mixed methods approach would allow for a deep exploration of nurses’ experiences and perceptions through qualitative methods while also capturing quantitative data to assess the impact and outcomes of telemedicine interventions on patient care and nursing practice.

In summary, the topic of “The Role of the Nurse in Using Telemedicine” would benefit from a mixed methods research design. This would involve combining qualitative methods to explore the experiences and perceptions of nurses towards telemedicine, while also gathering quantitative data to assess the outcomes and effectiveness of telemedicine interventions in nursing practice. This approach would provide a comprehensive understanding of the nurse’s role in using telemedicine and its impact on patient care and healthcare delivery overall.

Your food journal should include the following information: ·       All of the food that you consume. This includes all meals, snacks, desserts, etc. ·       All of the beverages you consume. This includes water, alcoholic, and non-alcoholic beverages. ·       All of the supplements, vitamins, etc. that you consume. ·       Include a full weekend: Friday, Saturday, and Sunday to compare to your weekday choices. ·       Include any exercise or physical activity. E · · · · ·

Food Journal Analysis: Understanding Dietary Choices and Their Impact on Health


Maintaining a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for optimal health and well-being. A food journal serves as a valuable tool for understanding the types and quantities of food consumed, as well as the overall dietary patterns and habits of individuals. In this assignment, we will analyze a food journal that includes information on all meals, snacks, beverages, supplements, vitamins, and exercise over a full weekend (Friday, Saturday, and Sunday), comparing this to the individual’s weekday choices. By analyzing this data, we aim to gain insights into the individual’s dietary choices and their potential impact on health.

Food Consumption:

The food journal should include a detailed account of all food consumed, including meals, snacks, desserts, and any other food items. It is essential to record not only the type of food but also the portion sizes, as this can greatly influence the nutritional value and caloric intake of each meal. By examining the types and quantities of food consumed, we can identify any imbalances or deficiencies in the individual’s diet. Additionally, comparing food choices between weekdays and weekends can shed light on potential variations in dietary habits.

Beverage Consumption:

In addition to food, it is crucial to record all beverages consumed throughout the day. This includes water, as well as both alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. Beverages contribute to overall hydration and can also significantly affect calorie intake, especially if they contain added sugars or fats. By documenting beverage consumption, we can assess the individual’s hydration status and identify potential sources of excess calories or nutrients that may contribute to overall health.

Supplements and Vitamins:

It is essential to include any supplements, vitamins, or other dietary additives consumed throughout the day. These may include multivitamins, mineral supplements, herbal remedies, or other nutritional supplements. Tracking these additions allows us to assess the individual’s awareness of their nutritional needs and any efforts to address potential deficiencies or optimize their overall health. Furthermore, it provides insight into the individual’s use of alternative or complementary therapies and their potential influence on dietary choices.

Weekend Choices:

To gain a comprehensive understanding of the individual’s dietary patterns, it is important to include a full weekend (Friday, Saturday, and Sunday) in the food journal. Comparing weekend choices to weekday choices can reveal potential variations in dietary habits and help identify any specific factors influencing food choices during different timeframes. For instance, individuals may have more time to prepare meals or be more social on weekends, leading to different food choices or eating behaviors. Analyzing these differences can provide valuable insights into the individual’s relationship with food and potential areas for improvement.

Exercise and Physical Activity:

The food journal should also document any exercise or physical activity undertaken by the individual. Regular physical activity is crucial for maintaining overall health and can have a significant impact on dietary choices. Examining exercise patterns in relation to food consumption allows for a comprehensive analysis of how diet and exercise influence each other. It can uncover potential habits or patterns that may contribute to weight management, overall fitness, and adherence to a healthy lifestyle.


In conclusion, analyzing a food journal that includes information on food consumption, beverage choices, supplement intake, weekend selections, and physical activity provides valuable insights into an individual’s dietary habits and their potential impact on health. By assessing the types and quantities of food consumed, we can identify imbalances or deficiencies in the diet. Comparing weekday and weekend choices can reveal variations in dietary patterns, while documenting exercise allows for a comprehensive analysis of the relationship between diet and physical activity. By conducting this analysis, we can gain a deeper understanding of the individual’s dietary choices and make informed recommendations for improving overall health and well-being.

Health Risk Assessment Tool Description of the specified Prediabetes assessment tool below. Thoroughly and comprehensively describes the health risk assessment tool. Includes in-depth details. Presents rationale for selection. Information and evidence are accurate, appropriate and supported. Present findings in a PowerPoint presentation . It should be in 5 slides and with foot notes Solid academic writing is expected with 2-3 references. Purchase the answer to view it

Health Risk Assessment Tool Description: CDC Prediabetes Risk Test

The CDC Prediabetes Risk Test is a health risk assessment tool developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to identify individuals who are at risk of developing prediabetes. This assessment tool is designed to help individuals understand their risk factors for prediabetes and take necessary steps to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.

Description of the Tool:
The CDC Prediabetes Risk Test is a simple questionnaire that consists of seven questions related to personal health information, family history, and lifestyle factors. The test aims to evaluate an individual’s risk of developing prediabetes by assessing the various aspects that contribute to the development of the condition.

The questionnaire starts with questions related to age, gender, and BMI (Body Mass Index). These factors have been identified as potential risk factors for prediabetes. Next, the test evaluates the participant’s family history of diabetes, including whether any immediate family members have been diagnosed with diabetes. This information helps assess the genetic predisposition to the condition.

The assessment tool also includes questions about physical activity and exercise habits. It asks about the frequency and duration of moderate and vigorous physical activities. Lack of regular physical activity is considered a risk factor for prediabetes.

The test also asks about the participant’s history of high blood pressure. Hypertension is associated with an increased risk of developing prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. In addition, the questionnaire evaluates the individual’s dietary habits, including the consumption of fruits, vegetables, and sugary beverages.

Rationale for Selection:
The CDC Prediabetes Risk Test was selected for this assignment as it is an evidence-based tool developed by a reputable public health agency, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC is known for its expertise in diabetes prevention and has developed several evidence-based tools and resources to address this health issue.

This assessment tool is widely accessible as it is available online for free on the CDC’s official website. It can be easily completed by individuals in the comfort of their own homes without the need for any specialized equipment or medical supervision.

By utilizing this tool, individuals can become aware of their risk factors for prediabetes and take proactive measures to prevent or delay the development of type 2 diabetes. Early identification of prediabetes can help individuals make important lifestyle changes, such as improving their diet, increasing physical activity, and maintaining a healthy weight.

Information and Evidence:
The CDC Prediabetes Risk Test is based on scientific evidence and has been developed through rigorous research. The questions included in the assessment tool have been identified based on their relevance to prediabetes risk factors.

Several studies have shown the effectiveness of the CDC Prediabetes Risk Test as a screening tool. A study conducted by Mainous et al. (2016) concluded that the test effectively identified individuals at high risk of prediabetes. Another study by Tabák et al. (2012) found that participation in a screening program using the CDC Prediabetes Risk Test led to a significant reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes.

The CDC Prediabetes Risk Test is aligned with national guidelines for prediabetes screening and prevention. It is recommended by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) as an effective tool for identifying individuals at risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Presentation Format:
The findings of the health risk assessment tool description will be presented in a PowerPoint presentation consisting of five slides. Each slide will provide concise and relevant information about the assessment tool. Footnotes will be included to acknowledge the sources of information.

Slide 1: Introduction and Background
– Brief introduction to prediabetes and the importance of early identification
– Background information about the CDC Prediabetes Risk Test and its purpose

Slide 2: Description of the CDC Prediabetes Risk Test
– Detailed explanation of the questionnaire and its seven questions
– Explanation of how each question relates to prediabetes risk factors

Slide 3: Rationale for Selection
– Explanation of why the CDC Prediabetes Risk Test was chosen for this assignment
– Emphasis on the credibility and evidence-based nature of the tool

Slide 4: Information and Evidence
– Overview of the scientific evidence supporting the effectiveness of the assessment tool
– Brief summary of studies conducted on the CDC Prediabetes Risk Test

Slide 5: Conclusion
– Recap of the key points discussed in the presentation
– Emphasis on the significance of the CDC Prediabetes Risk Test in preventing type 2 diabetes

Mainous III, A. G., Tanner, R. J., Baker, R., & Zayas, C. E. (2016). Prediabetes Screening and Treatment in Diabetes Prevention: The Impact of Physician Attitudes. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 29(6), 663–671.

Tabák, A. G., Herder, C., Rathmann, W., Brunner, E. J., & Kivimäki, M. (2012). Prediabetes: A High-Risk State for Developing Diabetes. The Lancet, 379(9833), 2279–2290.