Week 3

Probability is very important to healthcare researchers.

How does probability help us to evaluate the accuracy of statistics and to test the Hypothesis?
What is the differences between Frequency Probability and Subjective Probability?

This assignment is worth 10% of your overall course grade. In this unit, we have focused on the conventions of reading and writing about narrative

This assignment is worth 10% of your overall course grade. In this unit, we have focused on the conventions of reading and writing about narrative literature.  This short essay asks you to show what you have learned about interpreting and writing about a short story.  To do this you should review the album on Flannery O’Connor’s work in (pages 419-458). After reviewing the album and the context for her work, choose one of the short stories Be sure to review the course materials we have studied about the conventions for writing about literature, and narrative specifically.

week 1stat

Cause and Effect

What are the major differences between quasi-experimental research, experimental research, and non-experimental research?
Discuss the three major conditions that must be met in order to establish cause and effect.
Next, choose one of these conditions and come up with a scenario that would not allow a researcher to meet this condition.

A group of 44 student volunteers have agreed to try a new drug which affects iron absorption from the gut. The volunteers were split into

A group of 44 student volunteers have agreed to try a new drug which affects iron absorption from the gut. The volunteers were split into two equal groups (group A and B) matched for age and gender. One group took the drug and one group took the placebo (sugar pill which looked identical to the drug). Each group then had their Haemoglobin (Hb) levels measured from finger prick blood. On the provided Excel sheet, you have been given the Hb in the white cells measured from the two groups. The yellow cells show the descriptive stats for the data. Your aim is to investigate whether there is any difference in the mean Hb  between the two groups. You are required to complete a laboratory report based on the above study which is linked to the practical you did ‘Investigation of blood’. The write-up should be written ideally in the style of a journal paper,  i.e a word processed report containing the following sections: , The should be concise, clear and informative. You can choose your own title. The should be a relevant background to the study (based on the key words in your title), including ideally a brief literature review and end with a (you can also state a hypothesis if you wish). The should give enough information for a person to replicate your study. Attempt to strike balance of detail. Presume the reader is naive but intelligent. Remember to use the subheadings, (brief description of subjects), (brief description of equipment (brief description of how Hb and HCT was measured) and (what did you do with your data, any statistical tests you used). Be brief with your methods section The section is where the data collected and analysed (usually mean+/- SEM) are displayed usually using a combination of words, tables and graphs. In this section you do not explain why your results are so, but describe what your results are (e.gs increase, decrease). Use the descriptive stats provided in the yellow cells to draw your Graphs and/or make tables. Do not repeat the same information in both tables and graphs. Table numbers and title go above the table. Figure numbers and title go below the graph. There is no need to provide the raw data (if you want to do include this, have an appendix section) given to you on the Excel sheet. The is where you demonstrate your understanding of the experiment. Expand on your results, compare them with findings in the literature and try to explain your findings. Try to be critical, point out errors and make recommendations to improve the study e.g what other tests/measurements could you do to investigate the possibility of the type of anaemia. The should be listed alphabetically and be in the . In short, you are trying to produce a piece very similar in structure to a journal article. In general the write up should be: A good mark will be obtained for a report which The assignment needs to have a title then abstract: where there’s a brief summary about the work then introduction: a brief summary about hemoglobin, iron absorption and anemia Then material and method: that is materials and methods that were carried out during the experiment Then result: this result will be derived from the data given in the excel Group A and Group B data, here the mean, standard deviation, standard error and T test need to be done using the age for group A with group B and the hemoglobin for A and B, the graph and result gotten from T test will be posted in 5 pages material. Also, the result from the T test will be discussed in discussion, stating the null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis between group A and B. Then references in Harvard style The font size will be 10 and nothing to exceed 5 pages

response to Luis Rod

Week 1 Initial post.

Hello Dr. Mills and classmates

It is a great pleasure to start this journey with you. My name is Luis A. Taboada Rodriguez; I am originally from Cuba, where I was awarded the degree of Licentiate in Education at the Higher Pedagogic Institute. I came to The United States 11 years ago. I live in Cape Coral, FL. I graduated with a BSN from NSU at Fort Myers (F.M.) campus in 2018, and I graduated, also from NSU, with an MSN (Nursing Education) last year. Currently, I am a full-time faculty at the F.M. campus. My background as a nurse is in Med-Surgical Telemetry and Operating Room. I see myself as a seasoned NSU professor in five years, and I am anxious to share the Ph.D. program with you. I have a beautiful family, and my backyard is my piece of paradise.

Cause and Effect

What are the major differences between quasi-experimental research, experimental research, and non-experimental research?
One significant difference between the research designs is that non-experimental research does not implement interventions. In addition, the non-experimental research does not establish a direct time order of the cause and effect.

Experimental and Quasi-Experimental research involves an intervention applied to some participants and a comparison group that does not receive the intervention. However, a significant difference between those designs is that quasi-experimental designs lack random selection and random assignment of the study intervention.

Experimental research randomly assigns participants to the group that will receive the intervention or to a comparison group that will not receive the intervention. The experimental design demonstrates that the outcome is related to the intervention. Therefore, it is the most influential research to establish cause and effect order.

Discuss the three major conditions that must be met in order to establish cause and effect.
The three major conditions that must be met in order to establish cause and effect are:

Covariation: The process of establishing a relationship of cause and effect between the variables

Temporal precedence: The process of establishing the cause occurs before the effect

No plausible alternative explanation: The process of establishing that there is some other factor that is causing the outcome

Next, choose one of these conditions and come up with a scenario that would not allow a researcher to meet this condition.
Covariation scenario:

During the COVID 19 pandemic, the shortage of nurses was a reality for many health institutions in the United States. The COVID 19 pandemic was the reason for the nursing shortage across the nation.

This scenario does not allow a researcher to meet the covariation condition since the shortage of nurses in the health system is determined by different factors. For example, high levels of burnout, baby boomers nearing retirement, and federal COVID-19 vaccine mandates may shut down critically needed care (American Nurses Association, 2021). Therefore, the shortage of nurses in the health system is an effect, so it is a variable not conditioned for the pandemic.

References

ANA. (2021). Nursing shortage is at crisis point: Biden administration urged to declare emergency. Hospital Employee Health, 43(11), 1–3.

Siemens is a 150-year-old German company, but it’s not the company it was even a few years ago. Until recently, Siemens focused on producing electrical

Siemens is a 150-year-old German company, but it’s not the company it was even a few years ago. Until recently, Siemens focused on producing electrical products. Today the firm has diversified into software, engineering, and services. It is also global, with more than 400,000 employees working in 190 countries. In other words, Siemens became a world leader by pursuing a corporate strategy that emphasized diversifying into high-tech products and services, and doing so on a global basis. With a corporate strategy like that, human resource management plays a big role at Siemens. Sophisticated engineering and services require more focus on employee selection, training, and compensation than in the average firm, and globalization requires delivering these services globally. Siemens sums up the basic themes of its HR strategy in several points. These include:

Response to Kyla

Hello, my name is Kyla, and I am a BSN to DNP PMHNP student. I moved to Florida last year and currently work as a psychiatric nurse in an acute inpatient unit. I will also attend Health & Psychiatry for Psychiatric Management II clinical this semester. In my free time, I enjoy baking, traveling, and walking my two senior dogs. Psychiatric medicine has always been my passion, and I feel grateful I can continue my education in an often overlooked field. I look forward to continuing my learning alongside my classmates in the coming months!

Study Design

Experimental research occurs when independent variables are modified with a subsequent change in dependent variables resulting in a measurable hypothesized change (Turner, 2020). The modification of the independent variable is often termed an experimental intervention, which often entails the introduction of a new behavioral, environmental, or pharmacological agent which sparks change (Turner, 2020). In experimental research, control and experimental groups are randomized to reduce the generalizability of the results (Turner, 2020).

The primary difference in quasi-experimental research is the lack of randomization when determining control and experimental groups (Turner, 2020). However, this also makes these studies less expensive with less required resources for conduction (Siedlecki, 2020). Additionally, these studies are beneficial when determining causation when experimental research may be unethical to conduct (Siedlecki, 2020).

Non-experimental research, also referred to as “observational” research, includes studies that examine participants in their natural environments (Chew, 2019). Some common study designs utilized in non-experimental research include cross-sectional, case-control, cohort, and comparative effectiveness studies (Chew, 2019).

Cause and Effect

To determine cause and effect, three primary conditions must be met to identify correlation versus causation. First, the cause must occur prior to the effect (Coleman, 2018). Moreover, it must be related to the effect. Finally, there must be no other reasonable explanation that may explain the cause-effect relationship (Coleman, 2018).

One possible scenario that would not allow a researcher to determine cause and effect would be the examination of storks in relation to the number of babies born. As Coleman (2018) mentioned, although the storks precede the birth of babies, it is unrelated and therefore would not meet this condition.

References:

Chew B. H. (2019). Planning and conducting clinical research: The whole process. Cureus, 11(2), e4112. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.4112

Coleman, R. (2018). Designing experiments for the social sciences: How to plan, create, and execute research using experiments. Sage Publications.

Siedlecki S. L. (2020). Quasi-experimental research designs. Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS, 34(5), 198–202. https://doi.org/10.1097/NUR.0000000000000540

Turner D. P. (2020). Experimental study designs. Headache, 60(8), 1501–1507. https://doi-org.ezproxylocal.library.nova.edu/10.1111/head.139

This course uses a series of progressive Individual Projects in which you will focus on a real world and publicly-held health care organization. You are

This course uses a series of progressive Individual Projects in which you will focus on a real world and publicly-held health care organization. You are encouraged to use caution when selecting the organization that you intend to study in the Unit 1 Individual Project because it will be used in all Unit assignments in this course. You should review all five Individual Project assignments to understand the nature of the projects, the information requirements, the research required, and the expectations. make sure that the organization that you select is publicly-held and therefore has information that is readily available to the public. This is essential to your ability to complete all assignments. If you are uncertain about the suitability of organizations for these assignments, speak directly with your faculty member before commencing work on this assignment. You hired as the Director of Operations Director for a publicly-held hospital chain. You have been asked to evaluate the organization’s strategic planning approach because of changes in recent legislation (Affordable Care Act, Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH), Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), the Joint Commission, etc.). To gather data for your assignment, identify a publicly-held health care organization of your choice. You may use the Library to search for market information. Prepare a report of 5 pages with at least 5 academic or professional references published in the past five years that indicates the following: For a resource guide on using the online library to search for references, click . Your assignment will be graded in accordance with the following criteria. Click to view the grading rubric.

Picot

The purpose of this assignment is to write a review of the research articles you evaluated in your Topic 5 “Evidence-Based Practice Project: Evaluation of Literature” assignment. If you have been directed by your instructor to select different articles in order to meet the requirements for a literature review or to better support your evidence-based practice project proposal, complete this step prior to writing your review.

A literature review provides a concise comparison of the literature for the reader and explains how the research demonstrates support for your PICOT. You will use the literature review in this assignment in NUR-590, during which you will write a final paper detailing your evidence-based practice project proposal.

In a paper of 1,250-1,500, select eight of the ten articles you evaluated that demonstrate clear support for your evidence-based practice and complete the following for each article:

Introduction – Describe the clinical issue or problem you are addressing. Present your PICOT statement.
Search methods – Describe your search strategy and the criteria that you used in choosing and searching for your articles.
Synthesis of the literature – For each article, write a paragraph discussing the main components (subjects, methods, key findings) and provide rationale for how the article supports your PICOT.
Comparison of articles – Compare the articles (similarities and differences, themes, methods, conclusions, limitations, controversies).
Suggestions for future research: Based on your analysis of the literature, discuss identified gaps and which areas require further research.
Conclusion – Provide a summary statement of what you found in the literature.
Complete the “APA Writing Checklist” to ensure that your paper adheres to APA style and formatting criteria and general guidelines for academic writing. Include the completed checklist as an appendix at the end of your paper.
Refer to the “Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal – Assignment Overview” document for an overview of the evidence-based practice project proposal assignments.

You are required to cite eight peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Benchmark Information

This benchmark assignment assesses the following programmatic competencies:

MBA-MSN; MSN-Nursing Education; MSN Acute Care Nurse Practitioner-Adult-Gerontology; MSN Family Nurse Practitioner; MSN-Health Informatics; MSN-Health Care Quality and Patient Safety; MSN-Leadership in Health Care Systems; MSN-Public Health Nursing

3.2: Analyze appropriate research from databases and other information sources to improve health care practices and processes.

HSA 405 Healthcare Policy and Law Emergency Situation Suppose you work in a hospital that just received twelve patients from a disaster event in your

HSA 405 Healthcare Policy and Law Emergency Situation Suppose you work in a hospital that just received twelve patients from a disaster event in your community. Your hospital is able to treat and provide necessary surgical services to those that require surgery. However, five patients are refusing care and requesting to be transferred to another hospital for the same services. Suggest the course of action that the hospital should take to meet the standards of the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) related to public health in your community. Provide at least two (2) specific examples to support your rationale.