A minimum of three references is required. The written essay should be at least 1250 words in length.APA format is required. Write a scholarly paper in which you apply the concepts of epidemiology and nursing research to a communicable disease. Choose one communicable disease. THE DISEASE IS  rubeola MUST USE ATTACHED FORMAT****** Epidemiology Paper Requirements

Communicable diseases continue to pose significant public health challenges worldwide. Understanding the patterns, causes, and implications of these diseases is of utmost importance in preventing and controlling their spread. This paper aims to apply the concepts of epidemiology and nursing research to the communicable disease rubeola, commonly known as measles.

Overview of Rubeola
Rubeola is a highly contagious viral infection caused by the measles virus. It primarily affects children but can occur in individuals of any age who are not immune. Rubeola is spread through respiratory droplets and has a short incubation period of approximately 10 to 12 days. The disease is characterized by symptoms such as fever, cough, runny nose, conjunctivitis, and a characteristic rash. Complications of rubeola can be severe and include pneumonia, encephalitis, and even death.

Epidemiological Analysis
Epidemiology is crucial in understanding the patterns and determinants of disease occurrence. By conducting an epidemiological analysis, healthcare professionals can identify risk factors, develop preventive strategies, and allocate resources effectively. In the case of rubeola, several epidemiological factors must be considered.

Incidence and Prevalence: The incidence of rubeola has significantly decreased since widespread immunization efforts. However, outbreaks still occur, especially in communities with low vaccination rates. Prevalence data help in assessing the burden of the disease and monitoring the effectiveness of control measures.

Transmission: Rubeola is primarily transmitted through airborne droplets expelled when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It is highly contagious, and one infected person can potentially infect 12 to 18 others. Understanding the modes and mechanisms of transmission is crucial for preventing its spread.

Risk Factors: Certain populations are more susceptible to rubeola than others. For example, children who have not received the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine are at higher risk. Additionally, individuals with compromised immune systems, pregnant women, and healthcare workers caring for infected patients may be more vulnerable.

Clinical Features: Understanding the clinical manifestations of rubeola is essential for accurate diagnosis and timely intervention. Early recognition of symptoms can facilitate prompt treatment and appropriate infection control measures.

Surveillance and Reporting: Active surveillance systems and timely reporting of cases are critical in tracking the incidence and identifying potential outbreaks. This data can guide public health interventions and enable a prompt response when necessary.

Nursing Research
Nursing research plays a vital role in improving patient care and outcomes. By conducting studies in the field of communicable diseases, nurses can contribute to the development of evidence-based interventions and policies. Several areas of nursing research can be explored in relation to rubeola.

Vaccine Efficacy and Safety: Nurses can participate in studies assessing the effectiveness and safety of the MMR vaccine. This research can help identify any gaps in vaccine coverage and address concerns regarding adverse events, ultimately improving vaccination rates and community protection.

Nursing Interventions: Nurses play a crucial role in educating patients and families about communicable diseases. Research can focus on evaluating the effectiveness of nursing interventions in promoting vaccination adherence, improving disease recognition, and implementing infection control measures.

Psychosocial Impact: The psychosocial impact of rubeola on patients, families, and communities is significant. Research can investigate the emotional and economic burdens associated with the disease and explore interventions to address these challenges.

In conclusion, applying the concepts of epidemiology and nursing research to the communicable disease rubeola provides a comprehensive understanding of its patterns, determinants, and impacts. By employing effective surveillance systems, implementing preventive measures, conducting nursing research, and promoting vaccination, healthcare professionals can work towards controlling and eradicating rubeola, thereby contributing to better global health.

Do you need us to help you on this or any other assignment?

Make an Order Now