Books Required Nursing Research: Studying A Study & Testing A Test, 6 th Edition, Reading Evidence – Based Health Research. Author: Richard K. Riegelman, MD, MPH, PhD; Michael L. Rinke, MD, PhD. ISBN: 978-0-7817-7426-0 Publisher: Wolters Kluwer / Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, (2013) 1. Discussion Question: Explain and discuss sampling Write a paper using APA Format

Sampling refers to the process of selecting a subset from a larger population for research purposes. It is a critical component in any study as it determines the representativeness and generalizability of the findings to the larger population. In this paper, we will discuss and explain the concept of sampling, its importance, and various sampling methods commonly used in nursing research.

Sampling is crucial in nursing research because it is often not feasible or practical to study an entire population. The population in nursing research can range from patients, nurses, healthcare providers, or specific groups with certain health conditions. Given the size and diversity of these populations, studying every individual or entity is often impractical, time-consuming, and expensive. Therefore, researchers rely on sampling techniques to select a smaller, manageable sample that accurately represents the population of interest.

One of the main goals of sampling is to ensure the sample is representative of the population. This means that the characteristics, attributes, and demographics of the sample should closely mirror those of the population as a whole. This allows researchers to make valid inferences and generalize the findings to the larger population. However, achieving a representative sample is not always easy, and various sampling methods are employed to address different research questions and study designs.

The most common sampling methods used in nursing research include probability sampling and non-probability sampling. Probability sampling methods rely on random selection, which ensures that each element in the population has an equal chance of being included in the sample. This method provides a high level of representativeness and minimizes bias. Common probability sampling methods include simple random sampling, stratified random sampling, and cluster sampling.

Simple random sampling involves selecting individuals from the population at random, where each individual has an equal chance of being chosen. This method is useful when the population does not have distinct characteristics or stratifications. Stratified random sampling, on the other hand, involves dividing the population into homogenous subgroups or strata and then randomly selecting participants from each stratum. This method is useful when the population has distinct characteristics or when researchers want to ensure representation from each stratum.

Cluster sampling involves dividing the population into clusters, such as hospitals or clinics, and randomly selecting clusters to include in the study. Researchers then sample individuals within each selected cluster. This method is useful when it is difficult or impractical to obtain a complete list of individuals in the population, but the clusters represent a diverse range of individuals or entities.

In contrast, non-probability sampling methods do not rely on random selection and are chosen based on convenience or researcher’s judgment. Examples of non-probability sampling methods include convenience sampling, purposive sampling, and snowball sampling.

Convenience sampling involves selecting participants based on their easy availability or accessibility. This method is often used in studies with time or resource constraints but is prone to selection bias as certain individuals may be over or underrepresented. Purposive sampling, also known as judgmental or selective sampling, involves choosing individuals based on specific criteria or characteristics relevant to the research question. This method is useful when researchers want to study a specific group or individuals with a particular expertise or experience.

Snowball sampling is a method where participants are recruited based on referrals from existing participants. This method is typically used when the target population is hard to reach or when individuals with certain characteristics are rare. However, snowball sampling is susceptible to biases as referrals may lead to a non-representative sample.

In conclusion, sampling is an integral part of nursing research that allows researchers to study a subset of the population to make inferences about the larger population. Proper sampling techniques ensure representative samples and enhance the generalizability of study findings. Researchers should carefully consider the research question, design, and characteristics of the population to select appropriate sampling methods that minimize bias and maximize the validity and reliability of the study results.

Do you need us to help you on this or any other assignment?

Make an Order Now