Focusing on the country you selected and the U.S., complete the Global Health Comparison Matrix. Be sure to address the following: Reflect on the global health policy comparison and analysis you conducted in Part 1 of the Assignment and the impact that global health issues may have on the world, the U.S., your community, as well as your practice as a nurse leader.

Global Health Comparison Matrix

Country: ____________ United Kingdom (UK) ____________

Global Health Issue | Description of the Issue | Impact on the World | Impact on the U.S. | Impact on the Community | Impact on Nursing Practice as a Nurse Leader |
——————- | ————————| ——————–| —————– | ——————- | ————————————|
HIV/AIDS | Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the immune system, leading to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). | HIV/AIDS is a major global health issue, especially in developing countries where access to healthcare and antiretroviral treatment is limited. It has a significant impact on mortality rates and life expectancy worldwide. | In the U.S., HIV/AIDS is a significant public health concern, particularly among certain populations such as men who have sex with men, racial and ethnic minorities, and transgender individuals. Efforts have been made to increase access to testing, prevention, and treatment. | In local communities, the impact of HIV/AIDS can vary. Some communities may have higher prevalence rates and limited access to resources for prevention and treatment. This can contribute to increased transmission and disease burden. | As a nurse leader, addressing HIV/AIDS is crucial. This may involve promoting education, providing support to affected individuals, advocating for accessible healthcare services, and working towards reducing stigma and discrimination.
Malaria | Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease transmitted through the bite of infected mosquitoes. It is caused by Plasmodium parasites and can lead to severe illness and death if not treated promptly. | Malaria is prevalent in many tropical and subtropical regions, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. It is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in these areas, affecting millions of people each year. | While malaria is not endemic in the U.S., it can still pose a threat through imported cases. Individuals traveling to areas with high malaria transmission can bring back the disease and potentially lead to local transmission if appropriate prevention measures are not in place. | In communities where malaria is endemic, the impact can be devastating. It affects productivity, economic development, and overall quality of life. Additionally, children and pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to severe illness and death. | As a nurse leader, addressing malaria may involve promoting awareness about prevention measures, providing education on symptoms and timely treatment, supporting research for new interventions, and collaborating with global health organizations to implement effective control strategies.
Tuberculosis | Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis and primarily affects the lungs. It is transmitted through the air when an infected individual coughs or sneezes. | TB is a significant global health concern, with the highest burden found in low- and middle-income countries. It is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide. Additionally, the emergence of drug-resistant TB poses a significant challenge to global health. | In the U.S., TB rates have been declining over the years. However, certain populations such as immigrants, homeless individuals, and those with limited access to healthcare are at a higher risk. Prompt diagnosis, appropriate treatment, and contact tracing are crucial in preventing transmission and controlling the disease. | In communities with high TB prevalence, the impact can be considerable. It can strain healthcare resources, hinder economic development, and lead to stigma and discrimination towards affected individuals. | As a nurse leader, addressing TB requires a multi-faceted approach. This may involve promoting early detection and diagnosis, ensuring access to appropriate treatment, advocating for infection control measures, and supporting global efforts to combat drug-resistant TB.
Maternal and Child Health | Maternal and child health encompasses the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period, as well as the health of infants, children, and adolescents. | Maternal and child health is a critical global health issue as it directly impacts the well-being and future of populations. In developing countries, maternal and child mortality rates can be alarmingly high due to factors such as inadequate healthcare infrastructure, limited access to quality care, and socio-economic disparities. | In the U.S., while maternal and child health outcomes have generally improved, disparities persist, especially among minority and low-income populations. Efforts are being made to improve access to prenatal care, reduce preterm births, and address other determinants of maternal and child health. | In communities with poor maternal and child health indicators, the impact can be grave. It affects population growth, education, and overall development. | As a nurse leader, addressing maternal and child health requires a holistic approach. This may involve promoting preconception care, supporting evidence-based practices in prenatal and postnatal care, advocating for policies that address social determinants of health, and collaborating with interdisciplinary teams to improve outcomes.

The global health policies and issues discussed above impact the world, the U.S., local communities, and nursing practice in various ways. These issues demonstrate that global health is interconnected, and any health problems in one part of the world can have far-reaching consequences. For instance, the spread of infectious diseases like HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis can transcend national borders, affecting global health security. The U.S. is not immune to these global health threats, as evidenced by the impact of HIV/AIDS on certain populations and the potential risks of imported cases of malaria or drug-resistant tuberculosis. Similarly, local communities can bear the brunt of these health issues, especially when resources for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment are limited. As nurse leaders, it is our responsibility to address these global health issues by advocating for evidence-based policies, promoting education and awareness, and collaborating with other stakeholders at the local, national, and international levels. Through our actions, we can contribute to improving global health outcomes and ensuring that communities, both near and far, receive the care and support they need.

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