In 500-600 words for each article (1,000-1,200-words total),…

In 500-600 words for each article (1,000-1,200-words total), interrogate each of your articles from Topic 4, using the four big validities. For each article, work through the four big validities in turn, indicating whether the article does a good or bad job on each front. As you write, keep in mind that you are demonstrating your mastery of this material! Show that you know how to ask questions about each of the four validities, show that you know what the answers to these questions mean. Finally, show that you understand what it means to prioritize validities as you interrogate a study.
Measurement Validity And Reliability.” Personality Pedagogy – Topics – MeasurementValidityAndReliability. Personality, 21 July 2014. Web. 21 Feb. 2017
Littlemore, J. (2003). The Effects of Cultural Background. Retrieved from


Article 1: “Measurement Validity And Reliability”

Measurement validity and reliability are crucial aspects of conducting research and ensuring accurate and meaningful results. This article discusses the importance of these two aspects in the field of personality psychology and provides insights into how researchers can enhance the validity and reliability of their measurements.

Starting with measurement validity, the article does a good job of explaining the concept and why it is important. It emphasizes the need for researchers to ensure that their measurements are measuring what they intend to measure. The article also discusses different types of validity, such as content validity, criterion validity, and construct validity, and provides examples to illustrate each type. The inclusion of examples helps to clarify the concepts and makes it easier for readers to understand the importance of measurement validity in research.

However, one limitation of the article is that it does not provide in-depth guidance on how to assess and improve measurement validity. While it briefly mentions that researchers can use techniques like factor analysis and expert judgment to assess validity, it could have delved deeper into these methods and provided more practical advice. Therefore, although the article addresses the importance of measurement validity, it falls short in providing a comprehensive understanding of how to ensure it in research.

Moving on to measurement reliability, the article does a good job of explaining this concept and highlighting its significance in research. It discusses the different types of reliability, such as test-retest reliability, inter-rater reliability, and internal consistency reliability, and provides examples and explanations for each type. By doing so, the article effectively demonstrates how researchers can enhance the reliability of their measurements.

However, similar to the discussion on measurement validity, the article lacks in-depth guidance on how to assess and improve measurement reliability. It briefly mentions that researchers can use statistical techniques like Cronbach’s alpha and intraclass correlation to assess reliability but does not provide detailed instructions on how to apply these techniques. Therefore, while the article covers the importance of measurement reliability, it could have been more comprehensive in guiding researchers on how to ensure it in their studies.

In summary, this article successfully highlights the significance of measurement validity and reliability in conducting research. It provides clear explanations and examples to support these concepts. However, it falls short in providing in-depth guidance on how to assess and improve measurement validity and reliability, which limits its overall effectiveness in guiding researchers.

Article 2: “The Effects of Cultural Background”

The effects of cultural background on various aspects of human behavior have long been a subject of interest in research. This article explores the impact of cultural background on cognition, language, and communication and discusses the implications for understanding cultural differences.

Starting with measurement validity, the article does a good job of addressing this aspect. It highlights the importance of using valid measures to accurately capture the influence of cultural background on behavior. The article also discusses the challenges associated with measuring cultural background, such as the potential for biases and stereotyping. By acknowledging these challenges, the article demonstrates an awareness of the potential threats to measurement validity in this research area.

In terms of measurement reliability, the article provides limited discussion. It briefly mentions the need for consistent and reliable measurements but does not delve into specific techniques or strategies for achieving reliability. As a result, the article falls short in fully addressing the importance of measurement reliability in studying the effects of cultural background.

Turning to internal validity, the article does a good job of outlining potential confounding variables and suggestions for controlling them. It recognizes the complex nature of studying cultural background and the importance of considering factors such as socioeconomic status and language proficiency. By discussing these potential confounds and proposing strategies for controlling them, the article demonstrates a strong understanding of the importance of internal validity in this research area.

Finally, the article touches on external validity by discussing the generalizability of findings across different cultural contexts. It acknowledges that the effects of cultural background may vary depending on specific cultural factors and highlights the importance of considering the diversity within cultural groups. However, the article could have provided more in-depth analysis and discussion on the limitations and generalizability of findings, thereby enhancing its coverage of external validity.

In conclusion, this article effectively addresses measurement validity and internal validity in studying the effects of cultural background. However, it falls short in addressing measurement reliability and providing sufficient coverage of external validity. By providing more comprehensive discussions on these aspects, the article would have been more effective in guiding researchers in this field.

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