Ms. Jones brings 6-week-old Sam to the clinic because of a bright red rash in the diaper area that has gotten worse since she started putting over-the-counter antibiotic cream on it 3 days ago. Sam is diagnosed with diaper Candida or a yeast infection. Clotrimazole (Lotrimin) topical TID for 14 days to the diaper area has been prescribed.


Diaper rash is a common condition that affects infants and young children. It is usually caused by a combination of factors such as prolonged exposure to moisture, friction, and irritants in diapers. One of the common causes of diaper rash is a yeast infection, also known as diaper candida. This infection is caused by the overgrowth of Candida albicans, a type of fungus that normally resides in the human body. In this case study, we will discuss the diagnosis and treatment of a diaper candida infection in a 6-week-old infant named Sam. The prescribed treatment for Sam’s condition is clotrimazole (Lotrimin) topical cream applied three times a day for 14 days.


Diaper rash is a common problem that affects the majority of infants and young children at some point. It is characterized by redness, irritation, and discomfort in the diaper area. While diaper rash can have various causes, including irritants, allergies, and bacterial infections, yeast infections are also a significant cause. Yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of Candida albicans, typically due to the warm, moist environment created by a soiled diaper.

Diagnosis of Diaper Candida

In Sam’s case, the presentation of a bright red rash in the diaper area that has worsened despite the use of over-the-counter antibiotic cream suggests a yeast infection. The overgrowth of Candida albicans, a type of fungus, is a common cause of such symptoms. Diagnosis is usually based on the characteristic appearance of the rash and the presence of accompanying symptoms such as redness, itching, and discomfort. In some cases, a swab or skin scraping may be taken to confirm the presence of Candida organisms.

Treatment with Clotrimazole

Clotrimazole, a broad-spectrum antifungal agent, is commonly used in the treatment of yeast infections, including diaper candida. It works by inhibiting the growth of Candida organisms and preventing their cell membrane from forming. Clotrimazole is available in several forms, including creams, powders, and sprays. In Sam’s case, clotrimazole cream has been prescribed, which is to be applied three times a day to the diaper area for a total of 14 days.

The choice of clotrimazole as the treatment for Sam’s diaper candida infection is based on its effectiveness in combating fungal infections, including those caused by Candida albicans. Clotrimazole has a broad spectrum of activity against various fungi, making it an appropriate choice for yeast infections.

The recommended duration of treatment is 14 days to ensure complete eradication of the yeast infection and prevent recurrence. It is important to follow the prescribed treatment regimen and continue using the cream for the recommended duration, even if the symptoms improve before the treatment period ends. Discontinuing the treatment prematurely may lead to incomplete eradication of the infection, allowing it to return.

In addition to applying clotrimazole cream, it is also essential to address the underlying causes of diaper rash and yeast infection. This includes maintaining good hygiene practices, frequently changing diapers, and ensuring the diaper area is kept clean and dry. The use of absorbent diapers and avoiding the use of irritating products, such as scented wipes or powders, can also help prevent recurrence of diaper rash.


Diaper candida, or yeast infection, is a common cause of diaper rash in infants and young children. It occurs due to the overgrowth of Candida albicans, a type of fungus, in the warm and moist environment of a soiled diaper. Clotrimazole, a broad-spectrum antifungal agent, is an effective treatment for diaper candida and is commonly prescribed in cases like Sam’s. Proper application of the cream and addressing the underlying causes of diaper rash are essential for the successful treatment and prevention of recurrence. Following the recommended treatment regimen and maintaining good diaper hygiene practices are crucial in managing and resolving diaper candida infections.

Do you need us to help you on this or any other assignment?

Make an Order Now