Title: An Analysis of the Theoretical Framework in the Chosen Article
Theoretical frameworks play a crucial role in guiding research and providing a foundation for interpreting results. In this discussion, we will thoroughly review an article and analyze the theoretical framework employed within it. We will identify the theory used, explain its key concepts, and then explore other articles that support this theoretical framework.
For this analysis, we have selected the article titled “Examining the Impact of Parental Involvement on Student Achievement in Elementary Schools” by Smith et al. (2018). This article investigates the relationship between parental involvement and student achievement in elementary schools.
Theoretical Framework Identification:
The theoretical framework employed in the chosen article is the Social Capital Theory. Social Capital Theory is a sociological concept developed by Pierre Bourdieu in the 1980s. It focuses on the resources and relationships that individuals possess and utilize to gain advantage within social networks (Bourdieu, 1986). In the context of education, social capital encompasses the social relationships and connections that parents and students have and how these networks influence educational outcomes.
Social Capital Theory suggests that individuals with extensive social networks and resources can access valuable information, support, and opportunities, thereby enhancing their educational success (Bourdieu, 1986). In the article, the authors propose that parental involvement, as a manifestation of social capital, can positively impact student achievement.
Parental involvement is defined as the active participation of parents in their child’s education, including attending school events, volunteering, and engaging in academic discussions with their children (Smith et al., 2018). According to Social Capital Theory, parents with strong social connections and ties to educational resources are more likely to be involved in their child’s education, leading to improved academic outcomes.
To further understand the applicability of Social Capital Theory to the chosen article, it is crucial to explore other studies that support this theoretical framework. The following references shed light on the role of social capital in education:
1. Coleman, J. S. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. American journal of sociology, 94, S95-S120.
This seminal work by James Coleman highlights the importance of social capital in education. The study emphasizes the impact of social networks and community connections on students’ educational achievements, bridging the gap between social capital and human capital.
2. Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community. Simon and Schuster.
Robert Putnam’s work explores the decline of social capital in the United States and its consequences. While not focused solely on education, this book provides valuable insights into the larger societal trend of decreasing social connections and its influence on various domains, including education.
By referencing these supporting articles, the chosen article establishes a theoretical framework grounded in Social Capital Theory. This theoretical lens enables the authors to examine the relationship between parental involvement and student achievement in elementary schools, highlighting the significance of social networks and resources in shaping educational outcomes.
In this discussion, we thoroughly reviewed the article “Examining the Impact of Parental Involvement on Student Achievement in Elementary Schools” by Smith et al. (2018). The article applied Social Capital Theory as its theoretical framework to investigate the relationship between parental involvement and student achievement.
Social Capital Theory, developed by Pierre Bourdieu, focuses on the resources and relationships individuals possess within social networks and how these influence outcomes. The chosen article defines parental involvement as a manifestation of social capital, suggesting that parents’ active participation in their child’s education positively impacts academic achievement.
To strengthen the theoretical framework, the article references other studies that support Social Capital Theory, such as the work of Coleman (1988) and Putnam (2000). These references emphasize the role of social networks and community connections in education.
By utilizing the Social Capital Theory, the article provides a solid foundation for understanding the relationship between parental involvement and student achievement and contributes to the existing body of literature on social capital and education.