The type of data collected in each different facility’s patient health records is established by required standards or regulations. Describe each data set element, who developed the data set, and compare the similarities and differences of each data set to the others for the following 3 data sets: BY 3/102017 1400 HOURS.

Title: Comparative Analysis of Patient Health Data Sets: A Comprehensive Overview


Patient health records are an essential component of healthcare systems as they capture critical information about an individual’s medical history and treatment. These records are maintained in diverse healthcare facilities, each adhering to specific data sets developed by regulatory bodies or standards organizations. This essay aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of three distinct data sets found in healthcare facilities, namely the data set elements, their respective developers, and a comparative evaluation of their similarities and differences.

Data Set 1: ICD-10-CM (International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Clinical Modification)

ICD-10-CM is a standardized data set used for coding diagnoses and procedures in healthcare settings. It is published by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) in the United States. The set consists of alphanumeric codes, each representing a specific medical condition, surgical procedure, or injury.

The ICD-10-CM data set encompasses several key elements, including:

1. Diagnosis Codes: These alphanumeric codes represent various medical conditions, enabling healthcare providers to classify and track different ailments.

2. Procedure Codes: These codes describe specific surgical procedures performed on patients, allowing for accurate documentation and billing.

3. External Cause of Injury Codes: This subset within ICD-10-CM records circumstances related to injuries, such as accidents or intentional harm.

4. Historical and Current Information: ICD-10-CM captures both historical and current data, providing a comprehensive overview of the patient’s medical history and present condition.

Data Set 2: SNOMED CT (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine—Clinical Terms)

SNOMED CT is a comprehensive clinical terminology data set used for medical documentation and electronic health records. Its development and maintenance are overseen by the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organization (IHTSDO). SNOMED CT standardizes medical concepts, facilitating interoperability and enhancing communication among healthcare professionals globally.

The key elements of SNOMED CT include:

1. Concepts: These represent medical terms and concepts, allowing for a standardized approach to record clinical data.

2. Descriptions: SNOMED CT provides descriptions for each concept, including synonyms, definitions, and relationships to other concepts.

3. Relationships: This aspect of SNOMED CT enables the establishment of relationships between various medical concepts, enhancing both decision support systems and data analysis.

4. Hierarchies and Subtypes: SNOMED CT organizes concepts hierarchically, facilitating a systematic representation of medical knowledge and allowing for precise query searches.

Data Set 3: LOINC (Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes)

LOINC is a standardized set of codes used for the identification and reporting of medical laboratory test results and other clinical observations. The Regenstrief Institute developed LOINC to support the interoperability of clinical systems and improve the exchange of laboratory data.

The primary elements of LOINC include:

1. Test Codes: These codes represent a broad range of laboratory tests, allowing for standardized reporting and comparison of results across different healthcare facilities.

2. Component Codes: LOINC includes specific component codes that describe measurable or observable properties in clinical samples, such as blood glucose levels or cholesterol levels.

3. Units of Measure: Each LOINC code includes the appropriate unit of measure for the reported test or observation, ensuring consistency and comparability of results.

4. Method Codes: These codes facilitate the description of the method or technique used to perform a specific laboratory test.

Comparative Analysis:

While all three data sets serve the purpose of capturing and organizing patient health information, there are distinct differences among them. First, the ICD-10-CM primarily focuses on diagnoses and procedures, providing a specific classification system for medical conditions. In contrast, SNOMED CT aims to standardize medical terminology, encompassing a broader range of clinical concepts and facilitating interoperability across healthcare systems.

Additionally, LOINC is specifically designed for laboratory test reporting, focusing on standardized codes for test results and observations. Its emphasis revolves around providing accurate and consistent test data for improved communication and analysis.

Another notable difference between these data sets lies in their respective developers. ICD-10-CM is developed and published by the NCHS and CMS in the United States. SNOMED CT, on the other hand, is overseen by the IHTSDO, an international standards organization, ensuring its global applicability. LOINC, developed by the Regenstrief Institute, also has international recognition but is particularly focused on laboratory data exchange.


In summary, the comparison of these three data sets, namely ICD-10-CM, SNOMED CT, and LOINC, highlights their unique characteristics, elements, and developers. ICD-10-CM focuses on diagnoses and procedures coding, while SNOMED CT standardized clinical terminology, and LOINC emphasizes laboratory test reporting. Understanding the distinctions and similarities among these data sets is vital for effective data management and interoperability in healthcare settings. Further research and evaluation are necessary to explore their respective strengths and potential areas of improvement.

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