Instructions Change Proposal Technology has been credited with contributing to a safer patient environment. Create a change proposal for a new technology that will contribute to a safer patient environment. Examine human factors including resistance to change into the expanded use of informatics. Be sure to include how your proposed change will impact patient safety, how you will measure the impact of your change, and how you will communicate and implement this change. Submissions Details: Submit your response in a 3- to 5-page Microsoft Word document.

Change Proposal: Implementation of Barcoding Technology in Medication Administration to Enhance Patient Safety


Patient safety is a critical aspect of healthcare delivery, and advancements in technology have played a significant role in improving patient outcomes. One technology that has greatly contributed to patient safety is barcoding. Barcoding technology involves the use of barcode labels on medications and patient identification, which helps to reduce medication errors and enhance the overall safety of patients. This change proposal aims to implement barcoding technology in medication administration to contribute to a safer patient environment.


Medication errors are a prevalent issue in healthcare settings and can have severe consequences for patient safety. These errors can occur at various stages of the medication administration process, including prescribing, transcribing, dispensing, and administering medication. According to a study by Aspden et al. (2006), medication errors harm approximately 1.5 million people annually in the United States, resulting in significant morbidity, mortality, and increased healthcare costs.

Barcoding technology has demonstrated its effectiveness in reducing medication errors by ensuring accurate medication administration. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, “To Err is Human,” identified barcoding technology as one of the strategies to improve patient safety and prevent medication errors (Kohn, Corrigan, & Donaldson, 2000). By implementing barcoding technology, healthcare organizations can enhance patient safety and reduce the likelihood of adverse drug events.

Impact on Patient Safety

The implementation of barcoding technology in medication administration will have a positive impact on patient safety. Firstly, barcoding technology enables healthcare providers to accurately verify the right patient before administering medication. By scanning the barcode on the patient’s identification wristband, healthcare providers can ensure that the medication is intended for the correct patient, minimizing the risk of medication errors.

Secondly, barcoding technology facilitates double-checking of medication administration. With the use of barcode scanners, healthcare providers can verify the medication against the prescribed dose, dosage form, and route of administration. This double-checking process helps to identify potential medication errors, such as administering the wrong medication or incorrect dose, before they reach the patient, reducing the likelihood of adverse drug events.

Measurement of Impact

The impact of implementing a barcoding technology system in medication administration can be measured using various methods. One approach is to examine the rate of medication errors before and after the implementation of barcoding technology. By comparing the incidence of medication errors, including near misses, adverse drug events, and medication-related harm, healthcare organizations can assess the effectiveness of the change in reducing medication errors and improving patient safety.

Additionally, the use of barcoding technology enables the collection of data on medication administration, including time stamps, medication doses, and healthcare provider identification. This data can be analyzed to identify patterns and trends in medication errors, contributing to a better understanding of underlying causes and areas for improvement.

Communication and Implementation Plan

Effective communication and implementation are crucial for the successful adoption of barcoding technology in medication administration. It is essential to engage all stakeholders, including healthcare providers, pharmacists, IT staff, and administration, throughout the planning and implementation process.

A comprehensive communication plan should be developed to inform all parties involved about the change, its rationale, and expected benefits. This plan should include regular meetings, presentations, workshops, and training sessions to educate healthcare providers about the new technology and its impact on patient safety. Additionally, clear and concise communication materials, such as brochures and posters, should be distributed to ensure that all healthcare providers are informed about the change.

Furthermore, a robust implementation plan should be developed to guide the successful adoption of barcoding technology. This plan should outline the necessary steps, timelines, and resources required for the implementation process. It is crucial to involve key stakeholders in the planning and decision-making process to ensure smooth implementation and minimize resistance to change.


The implementation of barcoding technology in medication administration has the potential to significantly enhance patient safety and reduce medication errors. By accurately verifying patient identification and facilitating double-checking of medication administration, barcoding technology can minimize the risk of medication errors and adverse drug events. The impact of this change can be measured through the examination of medication error rates and the analysis of data collected through the use of barcoding technology. Effective communication and implementation strategies are essential for the successful adoption of this technology and should involve all stakeholders.

Overall, the introduction of barcoding technology in medication administration can contribute to a safer patient environment and improve patient outcomes in healthcare settings.

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